Glossary of Terms
Adjustable Rate Mortgage (A.R.M)
Mortgage with a rate that is variable. It is usually tied to the prime rate.
Relationship a buyer or seller has with their Toronto real estate agent.
Agreement Of Purchase and Sale (AKA Offer)
Legal document that outlines the terms of a Toronto real estate deal that will be signed by both the buyer and the seller.
Mortgage payment that includes both principal and interest.
How long it will take to repay the mortgage.
Amount that a professional appraiser thinks a Toronto property is worth. This is usually done to get the value of the house for mortgage purposes.
Amount at which a property is valued for taxation purposes.
Mortgage that can be passed on from the seller to the buyer, should the buyer want the mortgage and qualify.
Combination of two separate mortgages.
One-time payment against the principal paid at the end of certain mortgages.
Loan that covers a borrower in-between the purchase of their new Toronto home and the sale of their existing Toronto home.
Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) Institution whose primary purpose is to administer the National Housing Act and provide lenders with insurance against high ratio mortgages.
Maximum amount an interest rate can change.
Contents of the home belonging to the owner which are not included in the sale of a home unless specifically outlined in the offer
A Toronto property that has no claims against it.
Mortgage that cannot be paid out until the end of the mortgage period. Sometimes exceptions are made, but usually there will be a penalty charged.
Date that the house actually exchanges hands from the Seller to the Buyer. The Toronto buyer gets the keys and the Toronto seller gets their money.
Cloud on Title
When a claim has been made against the title of a Toronto property. Typically impacts the value of the property.
Tangible asset that is used as a guarantee of payment in a loan. A house acts as the collateral in the mortgage.
Written agreement that a lender will provide a specific amount of funds under certain conditions.
Parts of a condo building that are owned by all owners of the building, ie. walkways, elevators, halls, recreation facilities, etc.
Clause written into the offer which outlines something that has to happen before the agreement becomes binding. Should the condition not be met, the negatively affected party has the option to terminate the transaction.
Offer that has one or more contingencies that must one or more contingencies that must be fulfilled in order for the Agreement to become firm and binding upon both parties
Form of ownership where the owner has the title to a specific unit and a portion of the common elements of a building.
Mortgage from a traditional lender such as a bank where the value of the mortgage does not exceed 75% of the value of the Toronto property. Any mortgage greater than 75% is considered high ratio and must be insured by CMHC.
Type of ownership wherein the building is owned by a company. In order to be entitled to live in the building you must buy shares. It is typically difficult to get a mortgage for a co-op without a large down payment and you must also be approved by the co-op Board of Directors.
Document that officially transfers ownership of a Toronto property.
When a borrower is not able to make a debt payment.
Money that is put down after an offer has been accepted and is held in trust by the listing agent.
Various expenses and costs that a lawyer will pay on behalf of a Buyer to close the sale.
When a mortgage has been paid in full and the title has been changed to reflect that.
Fee that is charged when a mortgage interest rate is reduced from the current rate. One point equals one percent of the mortgage value.
Amount that the buyer puts down on the property in cash: this is the difference between the purchase price and the mortgage amount.
Dual Agency – (See Multiple Representation)
Legal right to use someone else’s land for a specific purpose. This right is tied to the land, not the individual, so it passes from the seller to the buyer.
Occurs when the boundaries of some part of one property impede over the boundaries of its neighbouring property.
Value of the property minus any outstanding debt.
Legal relationship between a buyer or seller and their agent.
First mortgage on a property. It has the first claim on the property should there be a default.
Fixed Rate Mortgage
Mortgage that has a fixed amour of interest paid over a specific time.
When the lender takes legal ownership over a property due to the borrower defaulting on the loan.
Gross Debt Service Ratio (G.D.S)
G.D.S is typically used as the indicator that tells you if you can afford a certain mortgage payment. All costs associated with housing (mortgage, taxes, heating, and 50% of condominium fees, if applicable) should not exceed 32% of your gross annual income (income before tax)
High Ratio Mortgages
Mortgage that exceeds 75%. These mortgages must be insured by the CMHC.
When money is held back by the lender until a condition is satisfied.
Protects homeowners again damage to their home caused by fire, smoke, wind, hail, vandalism and slips/falls.
Objective evaluation of a house by a home inspector. At the end of the evaluation a detailed document is provided outlining the condition of the house.
Home Warranty Plan
Insures against the failure of the operating systems of the home. It may cover things such as the heating system, central air, electrical, plumbing, and large appliances.
Portion of interest that is paid if the closing date of the transaction does not coincide with the mortgage payment date. For example: if mortgage payments are made on the 15th of the month but the sale closes on the 10th, there will be an interest adjustment for 5 days.
The interest is paid on a regular basis and the principal is paid at the end of the term.
The period at the end of which an offer expires.
Situation where two people share an equal ownership share of a property. If one dies, their share is transferred to the remaining person instead of to the beneficiaries of the estate of the deceased.
Land Transfer Tax.
Tax paid to transfer a property.
Home mortgage when the house is on leased land.
Amount charged by lawyer to execute the purchase or sale of a property.
Legal claim against real estate to guarantee payment of a debt.
Formal agreement between the seller of a property and a real estate brokerage company authorizing the Brokerage to offer a particular piece of real estate for sale.
The real estate brokerage company that represents the seller.
Document that demonstrates a lender is willing to lend a certain amount of money with certain conditions to a borrower.
Occurs when a buyer tells the lender that they accept a certain interest rate for a certain amount of time.
Amount of money a condo owner pays each month towards upkeep on the common areas of the building.
End date of a mortgage.
An agreement between a lender and borrower where the borrower puts up a piece of real estate as collateral for a loan to purchase that property.
A professional who brings together borrowers and lenders. Usually their fee is paid by the lending institution.
Also referred to as mortgage loan insurance or mortgage default insurance, this is offered through CMHC and covers the lender when a borrower has less than 25% down payment.
Mortgage Life Insurance
Mortgage life insurance covers the mortgage value in the event of the death of the mortgage holder.
Occurs when a sales representative(s) from one Brokerage represent both the listing and selling sides of the transaction. For example, the buying client of one Sage Real Estate Sales Representative buys a property that has also been listed with Sage Real Estate.
Type of mortgage where the borrower can pay the debt at any time.
Fee the lender receives for processing a loan application.
Amount of money paid to the lender so that the borrower can prepay a portion of the mortgage.
Principle, interest, and taxes.
Principal, interest, taxes, and heating.
Control (ownership) of a property.
Power of Attorney
A legal agreement wherein one individual grants another the legal authorization to represent them and make decisions on their behalf.
Pre-Approval for a Mortgage
A written commitment from a lending institution to lend a potential buyer a certain amount of money at specific terms for the purchase of the property.
The right of a borrower to prepay some of the principal without having to pay a penalty.
This is the base amount of money borrowed.
Real Estate Agent (Broker)
The brokerage company that represents either a buyer or seller in the process of buying or selling real estate.
A registered real estate sales representative or broker.
When a new mortgage is obtained and used to pay off the old mortgage.
An agreement to extend the mortgage for another term once the initial term is reached.
Bank account established by a condo corporation to cover major repairs to the common elements. The fund is paid into from a portion of the monthly maintenance fee.
Mortgage where the seller personally provides some of the financing for the buyer.
The distance back from the property line beyond which you must get approval for any improvements.
Statement of Adjustments
Amount of money owed at the time of closing. The amount will be calculated by a lawyer and the adjustment will typically be the difference between the deposit and down payment subject to various credits and debits.
Selling Broker/Co-operating Broker
The real estate agent who represents the Buyer in an Agreement of Purchase and Sale.
Special charge a condo owner has to pay for a capital improvement or unforeseen expense.
Document that outlines the legal and finical status of a corporation.
An agent who finds the buyer for a property but has a fiduciary responsibility to the seller.
Document that outlines the property line on a piece of real estate as well as the location of any fences and buildings on the property.
Tenancy in Common
When a property is jointly owned by a group of individuals, not necessarily in equal shares, and each owner has the right to sell their portion.
Amount of time a lender lends funds to a borrower.
Legal certificate outlining who owns the property.
Insurance that covers a piece of land. This provides assurance that the real property remains the property of the buyer if a claim against the property is processed.
The process of checking records to ensure the seller has the legal right to sell the property.
Total Debt Service Ratio (T.D.S)
T.D.S. is typically used as the indicator that tells you if you can afford to take on more debt. Your TDS should not exceed 40% of your gross annual income (income before tax). This includes any mortgage debt, car loans, etc.
Bank account used by brokers to keep deposit funds separate from other funds.
Calculation of risk involved for a lender.
Variable Rate Mortgage
Mortgage that has fixed payments but where the interest rate is adjusted to market levels. If rates go up, a larger portion of that month payment goes to interest but the actual amount of the payment does not change.
Document normally signed by the buyer which relieves the seller from obligation to a particular condition in an offer.
Legally binding commitment that the seller provides to the buyer to guarantee that the house is in good condition.
Criteria that regulates how a property may be used, typically established by the Municipality. A property could be zoned for many different uses including residential or commercial.